It is not unusual to have ovarian cysts. The bulk of these cases are likely to be reabsorbed into the surrounding tissue without cause any problems of even noticeable symptoms to speak of. With this said, more complex ovarian cysts can develop and while they are less common can represent more of a concern to a women's health. Complex ovarian cysts differ from simple cysts because they can consist of both solid and liquid matter. The three types of complex ovarian cysts are termed dermoid cysts, endometiomas, and cystdenomas.
A dermoid cyst forms from the ova, which are cells that produce human eggs. As these cells are referred to as non-differentiated, they have the potential to form into any tissue needed in the human body such that dermoid cysts can contain hair, skin and even teeth. Although dermoid cysts are unlikley to be cancerous, they are not without a good deal of pain, especially when they get larger and sometimes cause the ovaries to twist.
Endometrioma is a type of complex ovarian cyst resulting from the condition of endometriosis. A woman with this condition have uterine cells that grow outside of the uterus, often attaching themselves to an ovary and forming a growth after a series of menstrual cycles. Endometrial cysts can get to the size of a small grapefruit if left undetected. Endometriosis may be partly genetic. Typically, symptoms could be pain before and after menstruation or sex; also general fatigue and pain with bowel functions or urination.
Cystadenomas are a complex ovarian cyst that grows from ovarian tissue. Filled with liquid, cystadenomas can become twisted in the ovary and causing severe pain. Cystadenomas are divided into two types. A serous cystadenoma consists of a thin fluid, and is known to grow to between 2 inches to 6 inches diameter. In contrast, a mucinous cystadenoma is made up of a viscous or sticky liquid that could be said to resemble gelatin. A mucinous cystadenoma can become between 6 inches to 12 inches in diameter.
Complex ovarian cysts may be confused with pregnancy as they can often share the same symptoms : tender breasts, nausea and vomiting. If one has sudden and intense pain in the abdomen or pelvis then the immediate course of action to to seek medical help. Endometriosis or ectopic pregnancies may induce painful symptoms not dis-similar to those of complex ovarian cysts. The symptoms are differentiated through pelvic pain, pain before or after menstrual periods, and pain during intercourse. They may also experience irregular bleeding or even the absence of menstrual periods.
Typically a pelvic examination is one way to confirm the presence and diagnose ovarian cysts. Pelvic ultrasounds can give a clearer picture of the diagnosis and confirm the condition. Doctors will probably take a pregnancy test to determine if pregnancy may be the reason. They will also ask for blood tests to be conducted. Women who are diagnosed with complex ovarian cysts should be certain to get in touch with their physicians immediately any time they suffer intense pelvic or abdominal pain.
Complex ovarian cysts need a biopsy to clarify if they have cancerous properties. Complex ovarian cysts are not all always cancerous. However, a physician must determine whether cancer is present through testing.Typically, your health care provider will include consideration of the patient's age and the main symptoms in arriving at a diagnosis.
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